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Great Man Made River  -  لــنهر الصــناعي العظـــيم


Ideas for a greener Libya - Working to provide reliable and safe water supply to support agriculture and  cover the domestic water requirements of the Libyan population

العمل على توفير مصدر دائم وآمن للمياه لدعم المشاريع الزراعية  وتغطية الاحتياجات المائية للمستهلكين

Great Man Made River (GMMR) - "Великая Рукотворная Река" в Ливии - Das 8. Weltwunder - لــنهر الصــناعي العظـــيم

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Arial photograph of the first large farm test field within the Libyan dessert.

Objectives of the River Project

1. Stop the growing clouds of limited groundwater reserves in the coastal cities and stop saline intrusion from the sea to drinking water and agricultural land.
2. Farming close to (180) thousand hectares, achieving self-sufficiency of a mass of food products where the strategy will be allocated more than (80%) of river water for agriculture.
3. The creation of light industries and other medium-heavy and a third advantage of the abundance of water and add to the GDP
4. Stop the migration from the countryside to the cities and fight against desertification and solve obsessed with food security and the creation of the mass people economically and developmentally for the post-oil.

Facts and Figures

1. Experts estimate that the amount of fresh water that will flow through the pipeline to ensure sufficient reserves, the mass of water to more than (50) years on the basis of six million cubic meters of supplies a day.
2. According to studies, the size of the underground stock of Kufra Basin over the volume of water flowing from the Nile Basin over the (220) years.
3. Equal to the volume of water that flow daily half the size of the oil that is produced each day from oil fields in the world.
4. The capacity of the bed and Brega manufacturers for the production of pipe (220) tube in the day, equivalent to five times greater production plant in the world.
5. The length of wire wrapped around the (250) A tube which form the body of the river in the first stage enough to wrap around the globe (230) times.
6. Upon completion of stages of the river which entered the material in its implementation as follows:

· (547.000) tube

· (5.200.000 tons) of cement
· (24,000,000) tons of rubble and gravel
· (4.300.000) kilometers of steel wire
· (43.000.000) kilometers from sheets of
  iron and steel

· (155.000.000) cubic meters of soil excavation.
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Not bombs, tanks and missles, but 547.000 pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipes have been transported to date!

Facts & Figures - The Great Man Made River (GMMR)


These are some Facts and Figures about GMRA :

-  Approximately 547.000 pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipes have been manufactured to date.

   (Phase III)
- Approximately 547.000 pipes transported to date. Pipe transportation is continuous process 

  and the work goes on day and night, distance traveled by the transporters is equivalent to the

  sun and back.

- Approximately 5.200.000 tons of cement

- Approximately 24,000,000 tons of rubble and gravel

- Approximately 4.300.000 kilometers of steel wire

- Approximately 43.000.000 kilometers from sheets of iron and steel

- Approximately 155.000.000) cubic meters of soil excavation

- Over 3,700 km of haul roads  was constructed alongside the pipe line trench to enable the heavy

  truck – trailers to deliver pipe to the installation site

Phase I    Total Length 1,600 Km.
Phase II   Total Length  2,155 Km.

Phase III   Total Length  ........ Km. - Phase III was inaugurated in 2010 by Muammar Al Gaddafi

Phase IV   Total Length  ....... Km.

Phase V   Total Length  ........ Km.

- Volume of Trench Excavation 250 Million

  Cubic Meter.

- The amount of aggregate used in the project :

  30,000,000 Ton.

  Enough to Build 20 pyramids the size of the

  great pyramid of Khoufu.

- Total Weight of Cement used 7.0  Million Tones.

- Total Length of Pre-Stressing Wire 6.0 Million

   This would circle the Earth 280 times.

- The 1,300 wells which will be drilled will ultimately

   produce 6.5 Million cubic meters of water per day.

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Pictures right above; Top: map of WELLFILDS & RESERVORIS. - Tazerbo wellfield, Sarir wellfield, Fezzan wellfield. Reservoirs are in Benghazi, Tobruk, Sirt and near Tripoli.

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In total, the Great Man-Made River project requires the drilling of 960 wells with depths varying from 450 to 650 meters. The network of wells covers on area of 8000 square km.

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8 km of carbonised metal wire is wound around each pipe segment, that means the length of wire required for the first phase alone is sufficient to encircle the globe 230 times.

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The volume of water in the reservoir in the Kufra basin exceeds the amount
of water that would flow from the Nile basin in 220 years.
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The volume of water that will flow daily from this artificial river upon completion is equal to half the amount of oil produced daily all over the world.

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The stone and sand used to manufacture the pipes would be enough to build 16 of the Giza Pyramids in Egypt. The quantity of cement used in this project could build a highway from Tripoli to Bombay.

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Experts anticipate that the estimated 6 million cubic metres of drinking water pumped through the pipelines daily should cover the needs of the Libyan People for over 50 years.

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It is really worthwhile to spend a little time visiting such a majestic work. The great man-made river can not be appreciated until you see it yourself. When peace is back in Libya make a trip to the surface man-made lakes which accommodate huge amounts of water in fabricated basins, so big that they can be crossed in a speed boat. These sites have a special beauty, a fascinating and strange mixture of man’s will and ingenuity and the immensity of nature.

In the ninth month of the year (1984) began work on a Great Man Made River to transport groundwater basins infidels and bed and Tazrbu and Fezzan in the south to the cities of Benghazi and Sirte and Tripoli, Tobruk and other coastal cities in the north through the system, huge pipes huge total extension of about (3.380 ) kilometers was set up two plants in the bed and Brega for the provision of these tubes made of material concrete the previous stress and is buried in the trenches of the underground at a depth of (7) meters have been drilled (960) wells at depths ranging from (450) meters, and between (650) meters in the basin Tazrbu bed and Fezzan and Kufra.

Benghazi is since 1991 connected and receives fresh water from the Great Man Made River. Tripoli since 1996.

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The 5 phases of the Great Man Made River project

There a 5 phases of the Great-Man-Made-River project. Muammar Al Gaddafi was able to inaugurate the finishing of the 3th project phase. Unfortunately, phase 4 and 5 of the greatest civil water project on earth are now on halt as UN - Security Council (France, USA, United Kingdom and China Russia) supported a No-Flight zone resoution 1973.

NATO planes bombarded during the early days of the war on Libya the main pipe producing factory (Brega) and destroyed also parts of the Water-Pipe-System of phase 3.  (This is an WAR CRIME)

Video: NATO bombed "Great Man Made River"factory

* Click Here to watch the video

Stages of the industrial river

The first phase

Contain the first stage on the two systems of pipes the first stretch of Tazrbu to Sellouk and the second from the bed to the Sirte included the system first drilling (120) wells and D (800) kilometers of pipes of Tazrbu to Benghazi and produces field Tazrbu million cubic meters of water per day exploit (98 ) wells and the rest is just a precaution.
Of the bed start system pipes the following which contains the collection network strength (126) wells of which is used (113) and the remaining reserves of the bed starts the flow of million cubic meters of water per day in two parallel lines to the tank Ajdabiya then Ajdabiya heading another branch of the system holds ( 1.18) million cubic meters of water east to Benghazi and another branch heading west towards the city of Sirte carries (820) thousand cubic meters of water.

Phase II

This topic is aimed to phase transfer of (2.5) million cubic meters of water from wells located in two fields in the Mount Al_husaona.
Oriented system to the coastal areas in western mass that extends from the western Al Heisha new about easy Ajafarh and land located between Alchuirv to Tarhunah length of the system around me (1676) kilometers and extend the system with water (484) wells card (2) million cubic meters a day.
At this stage, begin collecting water in the pipe network especially flowing through the water collection tanks and then enter the pumping stations located at the end of the well fields mission push water through the highland areas until you reach the sloping land and off after that flow naturally toward the Alchuirv then subdivided the line into two branches the central branch heading north.

Until it reaches near Tarhunah and section east off in the direction of the north-east and when the plug follows the line path along the coastal road passing near the cities of Misurata, Zeliten and five until it reaches the Qara Bolli where the reservoir budget on high (160) meters above sea level and from this reservoir is connected to water to the area in and around Tripoli, in addition to the territory of the fertile plain Alajafarh.

The third stage

This phase aims to add (1.68) million cubic meters of water a day-to-energy first and second phases will be pumping this amount of additional field wells in the basin of the infidels, and composed this stage of the three lines, first heading to the south of Green Mountain and ventralis and the second stems from the infidels, and joining the line north of the first phase fields Tazrbu and third connecting first and second phases.
And the completion of the Phase III project have been completed and the river's total water-borne (6.1) million cubic meters a day.